As the number 1 public university it should be no surprise that the University of California, Berkeley's libraries together make it the fourth largest university library by number of volumes in the United States. Of all of Berkeley’s libraries however, the Doe Memorial Library is the main library of the UC Berkeley Library System. The library is named after its sponsor, Charles Franklin Doe, who was persuaded by the then President of the University of California, Benjamin Ide Wheeler, in 1904 to give funds for its construction. It is located next to the Bancroft Library. The Doe Library houses both the Undergraduate and Gardner (Main) Stacks collections. The Gardner Collection, acquiring its namesake from the 15th President of the University of California David P. Gardner, is a four-story underground structure consisting of approximately 52 miles of bookshelves, housing some of the University's most prized book and art collections. The Main Stacks or as students just refer to as “Stacks” were constructed in 1997 with four large skylights to allow for natural lighting of the underground structure. The Gardner Main Stacks connect the Doe and Moffitt Libraries by means of an underground hallway, this is the only way to enter the Main Stacks after hours. Each semester, the week prior to and during finals, Gardner Main Stacks is open 24 hours in order to provide a safe study hall for the student body. The North Reading Room (also referred to doe core) features enormously high ceilings and was restored in 2005 to its original 1910 state. The renovated room also features refinished historic tables and chairs, replaced floors, and task lighting similar to the original state the core once had. The main reading room is open to the public. To access the main stacks, however, requires a valid student identification card from UC Berkeley (or another participating institution) is required. California residents with proof of residency may also purchase a library card in order to gain access to the Main Gardner Stacks.
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