Gilman Hall

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Description

Gilman Hall is a building on the campus of the University of California, Berkeley. Gilman Hall was built from 1916 to 1917 to accommodate an expanded College of Chemistry under the leadership of Gilbert N. Lewis and was designed by John Galen Howard, as the building provided research and teaching spaces for faculty and students. Gilman hall was named for Daniel Coit Gilman, president of the University of California from 1872 to 1875. Gilman hall however unlike many of its other counterpart hall is particular taken pride in for it’s involvement in the world war. In 1942, the Berkeley campus became quite involved in the war effort of World War II, this hall however aside from it’s educational prosperity also served as a head quarters for what soon would be known as the Manhattan project. The top floor, or what has now been known to be called the "attic," of Gilman Hall was fenced off for classified work in nuclear chemistry. Half of the rooms in the attic had small balconies that could be used as outdoor fume hoods, but the actual hoods in Gilman Hall at the time were not equipped with fans. They operated only as chimneys, with a burner flame that produced a draft. Plutonium research in Gilman Hall was part of the Manhattan Project to develop the Atomic H bomb with help from the American theoretical physicist and professor of physics at the University of California, Berkeley: J. Robert Oppenheimer. He is among the persons who are often called the "father of the atomic bomb". Two Nobel Prizes in Chemistry have been also awarded for research done in the building. The first was to William Giauque in 1949 for his studies in the properties of matter at temperatures close to absolute zero. Professor Seaborg received the second one in 1951 for discoveries in the transuranium elements.

Sources

"J. Robert Oppenheimer." PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 22 Apr. 2014. "Gilman Hall at the University of California, Berkeley." Gilman Hall University of California, Berkeley. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Apr. 2014. "National Historic Landmarks Program (NHL)." National Historic Landmarks Program (NHL). N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Apr. 2014.

--Wuzpfrank (talk) 22:23, 2 May 2014 (CDT) Zepeng Wu